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What is the Sharpe Ratio?

A risk-adjusted measure developed by Nobel Laureate William Sharpe. It is calculated by using standard deviation and excess return to determine reward per unit of risk. The higher the Sharpe Ratio, the better the fund´s historical risk-adjusted performance. The Sharpe ratio is calculated for the past 36-month period by dividing a fund´s excess returns by the standard deviation of a fund´s excess returns. Since this ratio uses standard deviation as its risk measure, it is most appropriately applied when analysing a fund that is an investor´s sole holding. The Sharpe Ratio can be used to compare two funds directly on how much risk a fund had to bear to earn excess return over the risk-free rate.

Submitted on 12th Feb 2018

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